Knee replacement, or arthroplasty, is a common surgical procedure to relieve debilitating knee pain, most frequently a result of arthritis or injury. Damaged cartilage and bone are removed, and a metal and plastic joint surface is put in place to restore knee alignment and function. UMMC Orthopaedic’s joint replacement specialist will determine whether a total or partial joint replacement will provide the most relief, mobility, and function. Whether the new joint will cemented into place or uncemented, allowing bone to grow to the prosthesis, also will be determined by the surgeon.
Orthopaedic specialists use computer-assisted navigation to increase precision in hip and knee joint replacement surgery. This image-guided navigation system is basically a "global positioning system" for the surgeon. The implant-specific technology helps with presurgical planning as well as surgical procedures.
Deciding to undergo elective joint replacement surgery is an important decision that will help a patient regain quality of life and move toward a healthier lifestyle. Our comprehensive total joint replacement program includes the involvement of people who care about the patient—family and friends, the surgeon, occupational and physical therapists, nurses, patient care technicians, case managers, a program coordinator, and many other team members. With their help, the patient who chooses joint replacement surgery will soon be on the road to a more active lifestyle.