The eye and its supporting structures are housed within a small bony space referred to as the orbit. Many abnormal processes that involve the orbit are a threat to the sight and function of the eye. Tumors, inflammatory disorders, infections, and trauma all can involve the orbit. Symptoms of orbital processes can include proptosis (protrusion of the eye), pain, swelling of the eyelids, loss of vision, double vision, numbness around the eye, redness, and pulsation of the eye.
An experienced orbital surgeon should manage diseases of the orbit. Oculoplastic surgeons have been specially trained in the management of and surgery for orbital diseases. In addition to a comprehensive eye exam, thorough evaluation is required and may include CT or MRI, laboratory testing, and biopsy.
Often. a multidisciplinary approach is necessary to treat orbital processes. Tumors, inflammatory and infectious diseases, and trauma often involve or extend from adjacent structures such as the sinuses or cranial fossa. The University of Mississippi Medical Center has experienced ENT, plastic surgeons, and neurosurgeons on staff to provide related surgical or medical care when needed.