Faculty Scholarship

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Faculty Scholarship

The Faculty Scholarship webpage is designed to share the news of faculty accomplishments in medical education including publications, conference presentations, and grants. The webpage may also serve as a resource for faculty looking to identify collaborators with shared research interests. Entries are accepted throughout the academic year, and the page is updated monthly.


December 2022 Features:

Publications

  1. Başaran, M., Çelik, Ö., Bayrakdar, I.S., Bilgir, E., Orhan, K., Odabaş, A., Aslan, A.F., and Jagtap, R. Diagnostic charting of panoramic radiography using deep-learning artificial intelligence system. Oral Radiology. 2022 Jul; 38(3):363-9. 
     
    The goal of this study was to develop and evaluate the performance of a new deep-learning (DL) artificial intelligence (AI) model for diagnostic charting in panoramic radiography. One thousand eighty-four anonymous dental panoramic radiographs were labeled by two dento-maxillofacial radiologists for ten different dental situations: crown, pontic, root-canal treated tooth, implant, implant-supported crown, impacted tooth, residual root, filling, caries, and dental calculus. AI Model CranioCatch, developed in Eskişehir, Turkey and based on a deep CNN method, was proposed to be evaluated. A Faster R-CNN Inception v2 (COCO) model implemented with the TensorFlow library was used for model development. The assessment of AI model performance was evaluated with sensitivity, precision, and F1 scores. 
     
    When the performance of the proposed AI model for detecting dental conditions in panoramic radiographs was evaluated, the best sensitivity values were obtained from the crown, implant, and impacted tooth as 0.9674, 0.9615, and 0.9658, respectively. The worst sensitivity values were obtained from the pontic, caries, and dental calculus, as 0.7738, 0.3026, and 0.0934, respectively. The best precision values were obtained from pontic, implant, implant-supported crown as 0.8783, 0.9259, and 0.8947, respectively. The worst precision values were obtained from residual root, caries, and dental calculus, as 0.6764, 0.5096, and 0.1923, respectively. The most successful F1 Scores were obtained from the implant, crown, and implant-supported crown, as 0.9433, 0.9122, and 0.8947, respectively. The proposed AI model has promising results at detecting dental conditions in panoramic radiographs, except for caries and dental calculus. Thanks to the improvement of AI models in all areas of dental radiology, we predict that they will help physicians in panoramic diagnosis and treatment planning, as well as digital-based student education, especially during the pandemic period. 
     
  2. Duman, S., Yılmaz, E.F., Eşer, G., Çelik, Ö., Bayrakdar, I.S., Bilgir, E., Costa, A.L., Jagtap, R., and Orhan, K. Detecting the presence of taurodont teeth on panoramic radiographs using a deep learning-based convolutional neural network algorithm. Oral Radiology. 2022 May 25:1-8. 
     
    Artificial intelligence (AI) techniques like convolutional neural network (CNN) are a promising breakthrough that can help clinicians analyze medical imaging, diagnose taurodontism, and make therapeutic decisions. The purpose of the study is to develop and evaluate the function of CNN-based AI model to diagnose teeth with taurodontism in panoramic radiography. Four hundred thirty-four anonymized, mixed-sized panoramic radiography images over the age of 13 years were used to develop automatic taurodont tooth segmentation models using a Pytorch implemented U-Net model. Datasets were split into train, validation, and test groups of both normal and masked images. The data augmentation method was applied to images of trainings and validation groups with vertical flip images, horizontal flip images, and both flip images. The Confusion Matrix was used to determine the model performance. 
     
    Among the 43 test group images with 126 labels, there were 109 true positives, 29 false positives, and 17 false negatives. The sensitivity, precision, and F1-score values of taurodont tooth segmentation were 0.8650, 0.7898, and 0.8257, respectively. CNN’s ability to identify taurodontism produced almost identical results to the labeled training data, and the CNN system achieved close to the expert level results in its ability to detect the taurodontism of teeth. 
     
  3. Jagtap, R., Yesiltepe, S., Bayrakdar, I.S., Orhan, K., and Çelik, Ö. A deep-learning model for idiopathic osteosclerosis detection on dental panoramic radiographs. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology. 2022 Sep 1;134(3):e77. 

    The purpose of the study was to propose an automatic idiopathic osteosclerosis (IO) detection model based on the convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithms in panoramic radiographs using GoogleNet Inception V2 architecture and assess the performance of the artificial intelligence (AI) model compared to the human observer. A total of 493 anonymized panoramic radiographs were used to develop the AI system (CranioCatch, Eskisehir-Turkey) for the detection of IOs. The panoramic radiographs were acquired from the Radiology Archive of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology of the Faculty of Dentistry of Eskisehir Osmangazi University. GoogleNet Inception V2 model implemented with TensorFlow library was used for the detection of IOs. A confusion matrix was used to predict model achievements. 

    Fifty IOs were detected by the AI model from the 52 test images, which had 57 IOs. The sensitivity, precision, and F-measure values were 0.88, 0.83, and 0.86, respectively. Deep learning-based AI models have the potential to detect IOs accurately on panoramic radiographs. AI systems can be used to support clinicians for baseline diagnosis of panoramic radiographs and may eventually replace human observers’ evaluation and support performance in the future.
     
  4. Momah, T.S. and Hilton, K. Obesity in Adult Sickle Cell Patients: A University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) Study. Obesity Journal, 30 (S1), pp. 1-293.   

    Mississippi has the highest prevalence for obesity in the United States of America (USA) at 39.8%. She also has one of the highest prevalence rates for sickle cell disease (SCD) in the country (at 1 in 964 individuals). With the USA's spiraling obesity rate, a hypothesis of an increased obesity prevalence among sickle cell patients has been postulated by several authors. They postulate that because SCD patients are 99.8% African American, and African Americans make up majority of obese patients in the USA, there is a high probability that SCD patients will be obese or above normal weight. If these postulations were true, there would be no statistically significant difference for obesity and overweight rates between SCD patients and the USA population.

    A retrospective chart review of 575 SCD patients in 2019 was conducted at the UMMC by the authors. These patients were de-identified patients, with an ICD-10 diagnosis that showed either sickle cell-related or sickle cell-unrelated medical problems. Data analysis was conducted using the two-sample test, and their medical records were obtained from the hospital's electronic medical records using the Center for Informatics and analytics (C.I.A) personnel. In addition, the 2017–2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data utilized for this study was obtained from the CDC and used to determine the prevalence of underweight, overweight, obesity, and morbidly obese individuals in the USA.

    Of adults >20 years with SCD (n = 575), 21.04% were obese (BMI > 30 < 40). Adult patients with SCD who were stage 3 or morbidly obese had a prevalence rate of 6.09%. These values are statistically significant, and when correlated with obese and morbid obese rates in the USA (NHANES 2018) showed a statistically significant rate of Pr(|Z| > |z|) = 0.0000 and Pr(|Z| > |z|) = 0.00133 respectively. There was, however, a non-significant correlation between patients with SCD who were overweight (27.13%) and the overweight prevalence in the USA (Pr(|Z| > |z|) = 0.0775). Adults with SCD, in UMMC, have lower rates of raised BMI compared to state and national norms. The non-significant overweight rates, between SCD patients and the US population, portend a growing probability of weight gain among the US SCD population and one that could be a nidus for obesity in that population in the near future. 
     
  5. Pearlman, R.L., Nahar, V.K., Sisson, W.T., Clark, J., Ferris, T., Black, W.H., and Brodell, R.T. (In Press). Understanding Downstream Service Profitability Generated by Dermatology Faculty in an Academic Medical Center: A Key Driver to Promotion of Access-to-Care. Archives of Dermatological Research.  
     
    Hiring new dermatology faculty at academic medical centers (AMCs) can be a difficult process. Academic dermatology departments, however, must have the financial freedom to nimbly respond to the needs of their community. To determine the downstream revenue and profitability produced by dermatology faculty, a retrospective review of charges and expenses downstream of professional services was performed to assess dermatology faculty and nurse practitioners from January 2019 to December 2020 at a single AMC in the southern United States. We found that faculty of academic dermatology departments produces a great deal more revenue and profitability for AMCs than the sum of their professional charges. 
     
  6. Wells, J., Watson, K., Sharma, M., Davis, R. E., Gruszynski, K., Robertson, S., & Nahar, V. K. (In Press). Application of the Multi-theory Model (MTM) to Explain Intentions to Use Telehealth/Telemedicine among Veterinarians. Veterinary Record.  
     
    The goal of this study was to evaluate how effective the multi-theory model (MTM) of health behavior change explains the initiation and sustenance of telehealth use among veterinarians. Based on the findings of this study, researchers, educators and veterinary professionals should consider using MTM as theoretical framework to develop interventions to enhance telehealth use. 

 

November 2022 features:

Publications

  1. Veerabagu, S.A., Strunk, J.L., Lin, K., Wu, A.G., Jefferson, I.S., Brumfiel, C.M., Brodell, R.T., and Etzkorn, J.R. Utility of an anonymous online interactive forum for dermatology residency program directors and applicants. Dermatol Online J. 2023 Jun 15;28(3). doi: 10.5070/D328357798. PMID: 36259816.

    The National Dermatology Interest Group developed a successful online interactive forum to exchange information between program directors and applicants to dermatology residency training programs. This article describes this program.

Presentations

  1. Bridges, E.W. Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: Review, Guidelines, and Molecular (Genetic) Testing. Presented at the Gulf States Otolaryngology Meeting in Gulf Shores, AL. May 27, 2022
  2. Brodell, R.T. Dermatologic Diagnosis: Three Diagnostic Pearls. Presented at the 2022 Dermatology Symposium: Diagnostic and Treatment Pearls for Primary Care. Jackson, MS. October 15, 2022.
  3. Byrd, A. Cellulitis and Cellulitis Mimickers. Presented at the 2022 Dermatology Symposium: Diagnostic and Treatment Pearls for Primary Care. Jackson, MS. October 15, 2022.
  4. Flischel, A. Drug Eruptions. Presented at the 2022 Dermatology Symposium: Diagnostic and Treatment Pearls for Primary Care. Jackson, MS. October 15, 2022.
  5. Jackson, J. Rheum-Derm: What You Need to Know. Presented at the 2022 Dermatology Symposium: Diagnostic and Treatment Pearls for Primary Care. Jackson, MS. October 15, 2022.
  6. McCowan, N. Fun with Bugs and Other Pests. Presented at the 2022 Dermatology Symposium: Diagnostic and Treatment Pearls for Primary Care. Jackson, MS. October 15, 2022.
  7. Momah, T. S. (Revision Recidivism: What to do when weight returns post-operatively? Presented at the Annual Conference of the Mississippi Nurses Association, Biloxi, MS, October 20, 2022.
  8. Momah, T. S. and Hilton, K. Obesity in Sickle Cell Disease: A UMMC Study. Presented at the annual Meeting of The Obesity Society, San Diego, CA, November 1-3, 2022.
  9. Noble, A. Skin Pathology: What to Biopsy, When, Where and Why AND What Do All Those Terms Mean? Presented at the 2022 Dermatology Symposium: Diagnostic and Treatment Pearls for Primary Care. Jackson, MS. October 15, 2022.
  10. Wallis, L. Skin Cancer: Diagnoses You Don’t Want to Miss Presented at the 2022 Dermatology Symposium: Diagnostic and Treatment Pearls for Primary Care. Jackson, MS. October 15, 2022.
  11. Ward, K. Acne and Acneiform Eruptions. Presented at the 2022 Dermatology Symposium: Diagnostic and Treatment Pearls for Primary Care. Jackson, MS. October 15, 2022.

 

September 2022 features:

Publications

  1. Agor, A., and Ward, K.H.M. Camouflaging techniques for patients with central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia. International Journal of Women's Dermatology. 2020 Nov 27;7(2):180-183. doi: 10.1016/j.ijwd.2020.11.003. PMID: 33937487; PMCID: PMC8072492.

    Scarring alopecia is difficult to treat by medical and surgical approaches.  Camouflage becomes a critically important approach to managing these conditions in an effort to minimize the impact of this unsightly condition on the quality of life.

  2. Akulian, J., Bedawi, E.O., Abbas, H., Argento, C., Arnold, D.T., Balwan, A., Batra, H., Uribe Becerra, J.P., Belanger, A., Berger, K., Burks, A.C., Chang, J., Chrissian, A.A., DiBardino, D.M., Fuentes, X.F., Gesthalter, Y.B., Gilbert, C.R., Glisinski, K., Godfrey, M., Gorden, J.A., Grosu, H., Gupta, M., Kheir, F., Ma, K.C., Majid, A., Maldonado, F., Maskell, N.A., Mehta, H., Mercer, J., Mullon, J., Nelson, D., Nguyen, E., Pickering, E.M., Puchalski, J., Reddy, C., Revelo, A.E., Roller, L., Sachdeva, A., Sanchez, T., Sathyanarayan, P., Semaan, R., Senitko, M., Shojaee, S., Story, R., Thiboutot, J., Wahidi, M., Wilshire, C.L., Yu, D., Zouk, A., Rahman, N.M., and Yarmus, L.; Interventional Pulmonary Outcomes Group. Bleeding Risk With Combination Intrapleural Fibrinolytic and Enzyme Therapy in Pleural Infection: An International, Multicenter, Retrospective Cohort Study Chest. 2022 Jun 16:S0012-3692(22)01089-3. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2022.06.008. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35716828.

    This manuscript report results of the multicenter, retrospective observational study conducted in 24 centers across the United States and the United Kingdom. The study evaluated the risk of pleural bleeding as a complication when using intrapleural fibrinolytics to manage pleural infection. Based on its results, aside from specific scenarios, safety or risk of bleeding alone no longer should be a deterrent to the use of IET in pleural infection.

  3. Bhanat, E., Nahar, V. K., Dobbs, T., Butler, K., Thimothee, J., Parmar, R., Bergin, P., Russell, G., Jones, A., and Navalkelle, B. (2022). COVID-19 related Awareness among Healthcare Professionals and Students at the Medical Center in the Southern United States. Journal of Public Health in the Deep South, 3(1), 12-17. 

    This study aimed to assess the COVID-19-related knowledge among faculty and staff working in our healthcare system.

  4. Brumfiel, C.M., Jefferson, I.S., Wu, A.G., Strunck, J.L., Veerabagu, S., Lin, K., Brodell, R.T., and Rosman, I.S. A national webinar for dermatology applicants during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2021 Feb;84(2):574-576. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2020.09.043. Epub 2020 Sep 17. PMID: 32950550; PMCID: PMC7497741.

    This national webinar attended by over 500 medical students from around the United States provided updated information about virtual interviews and other COVID-19 related changes to the application process.

  5. Chelf, S., Davis, R.E., Bass, M.A., Ford, M. Allison, F, Ali D., Leo, J.T. and Nahar, V.K. Osteoporosis knowledge and health beliefs among middle-aged men and women in the Southern United States. Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1515/jom-2022-0011

    This study evaluates the knowledge and health beliefs surrounding osteoporosis in a population of males and females 35-50 years old to determine sex-based differences in osteoporosis knowledge and beliefs and to assess the correlation between perceptions and health motivation. Males and females 35-50 years old perceive themselves to have a low susceptibility to osteoporosis. They do not consider osteoporosis a serious disease and have little motivation to mitigate its inception or progression. Their perceptions show that barriers to exercise impact health motivation more than the perceived benefits of exercise.

  6. Cohen, N., Mathew, M., Davis, A., Brent, J., Wax, P., Schuh, S., Freedman, S.B., Froberg, B., Schwarz, E., Canning, J., Tortora, L., Hoyte, C., Koons, A.L., Burns, M.M., McFalls, J., Wiegand, T.J., Hendrickson, R.G., Judge, B., Quang, L.S., Hodgman, M., Chenoweth, J.A., Algren, D.A., Carey, J., Caravati, E.M., Akpunonu, P., Geib, A.J., Seifert, S.A., Kazzi, Z., Othong, R., Greene, S.C., Holstege, C., Tweet, M.S., Vearrier, D., Pizon, A.F., Campleman, S.L., Li, S., Aldy, K., and Finkelstein, Y. On behalf of ToxIC Pediatric Opioid Exposure Study Group. Predictors of severe outcome following opioid intoxication in children. Clinical Toxicology. 2022;60(6):702-707. PMID: 35333145

    This study utilized the national Toxicology Investigators Consortium pediatric opioid subregistry to investigate risk factors for severe outcome in pediatric patients with opioid intoxication. The study reported that exposure to fentanyl and age 10 years or older was associated with an elevated risk of ICU admission or death.

  7. Davis, J., Beneke, L.L., Marlin, M.B., and Vearrier, D. COVID-19’s effect on calls to the Mississippi Poison Control Center. Journal of Public Health in the Deep South. 2022 Sep;3(2).

    This observational study investigated the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on  total calls; calls related to bleach, disinfectants, and hand sanitizers; calls related to ivermectin exposures; calls related to hydroxychloroquine exposures; calls related to COVID-19; and suspected suicide calls to the Mississippi Poison Control Center. The study reported no change in overall call volume or suspected suicide calls, but spikes in calls for exposures to disinfectants and cleaning products, hydroxychloroquine, and ivermectin.

  8. Davis, R.E., Doyle, N.A., Samuel, K.D., Wilkerson, A.H., and Nahar, V.K. The relationship between trait emotional intelligence and problematic alcohol use among college students. Health Promotion Perspectives. 2022 May 29;12(1):101-109. doi: 10.34172/hpp.2022.13. PMID: 35854853; PMCID: PMC9277283.

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between emotional intelligence and problematic alcohol use among college students while controlling for drug use covariates.

  9. Desrosiers, A.S., Petruzzelli, C.J., Bobo, J.F., Hodge, B.D., Rodgers, J.L., Hollinger, J.C., Byrd, A.C., and Brodell, R.T. Clinical interventions aimed at expanding access to dermatologic care. Dermatology Online Journal. 2021 Mar 15;27(3):13030/qt9w82x2z1. PMID: 33865274.

    This article highlights the UMMC rural academic clinic and rural residency slot which have had a significant impact on the provision of care in rural Mississippi

  10. Elston, D.M., Grant-Kels, J.M., Levin, N., Alam, M., Altman, E.M., Brodell, R.T., Fernandez, A.P., Hurley, M.Y., Maize, J., Ratner, D., Schaffer, J., and Kantor, J. Fairness and transparency in medical journals. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2021 Jul;85(1):31-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2020.10.027. Epub 2020 Nov 4. PMID: 33157176.

    The editors of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology discuss fairness and transparency in the editorial process in this brief editorial.

  11. Folch, E., Guo, M.Y., and Senitko, M. Therapeutic Bronchoscopy for Lung Nodules: Where Are We Now? Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2022;43:480–491

    This review article describes the recent advances in endoscopic and percutaneous thermal and non-thermal therapies for non-small cell lung cancer with the focus on their efficacy and safety.

  12. Ezekwe, N., Oberoi, J., and Brodell, R.T. "Numerous Nevi in a 6-Year-Old Boy". Pediatrics in Review: Official Journal of the American Association of Pediatrics. 2020  41 (supplement 1): S75–S78. https://doi.org/10.1542/pir.2018-0225

    A child with numerous pigmented papules was proven to have basal cell nevus syndrome.  This is a condition that must be biopsied early to make a definitive diagnosis leading to prompt definitive treatment of new lesions, sun avoidance and sunscreen use.

  13. Gromley, Z., Agwuncha, C., Nahar, V.K., and Gromley, A. The effectiveness of the metabolic map in promoting meaningful learning. Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. 2022 Jan 5;122(3):125-131. doi: 10.1515/jom-2021-0173. PMID: 34982867.

    This study explored whether the Pathways of Human Metabolism Map as a study tool helps to connect basic metabolic pathways to clinical applications. Our data show that students who utilized the metabolic map in their studies reported that utilizing the map improved their understanding of medical biochemistry. Our research results suggest that providing study aids like the metabolic map encourages students to minimize rote memorization and promotes integration with clinical context.

  14. Hassan, O.M., Medepalli, V.M., Zieman, D., Ortego, J.R., Brodell, R.T., and Nahar, V.K. (2022). Translucent Cyst around the Eyelid. Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association, 14(4), 175-176.

    This case demonstrated that eccrine hidrocystoma can be easily diagnosed through teledermatology based on clinical appearance and transillumination of the lesion.

  15. Holmes, M., Tabba, D., Mockbee, C.S., Helms, S.E., Brodell, R.T., and Nahar, V.K. Teledermatology:  Allergic Contact Dermatitis After Prior Burn Injury.  Journal of Dermatology Nurses Association.  2022 14(5): 238-239.  Doi: 10.1097/JDN 0000000000701

    A case of  blistering, iatrogenic allergic contact dermatitis following use of triple antibiotic that was diagnosed utilizing teledermatology is presented.

  16. MacDonald, S., Byrd, C., Barlow, E., Nahar, V.K.,  Martin, J., and Krenk, D. Efficacy of Red Cell Salvage Systems in Open Acetabular Surgery. Advances in Orthopedics, vol. 2022, Article ID 8276065, 6 pages, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/8276065

    The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the effectiveness of CS in decreasing allogenic blood transfusion in acetabular surgery, contribute to the body of literature regarding cell saver use in acetabular fractures, and to identify risk factors for large intraoperative blood loss.

  17. Morrissette, S., Etkin, C.D., Brodell, R.T., and Pearlman, R.L. The Use of Clinical Data Registries to Improve Care and Meet Ongoing Professional Practice Evaluation Requirements. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. 2022 48 (10):549-51. Doi:  10.1016/i.icia.2022.06.003

    The DataDerm registry is used as an example to demonstrate that specialty specific registries can be easily utilized to meet the OPPE requirements of the Joint Commission.

  18. Morrissette, S., Pearlman, R.L., Kovar, M,. Sisson, W.T., Brodell, R.T., and Nahar, V.K. Attitudes and perceived barriers toward store-and-forward teledermatology among primary care providers of the rural Mississippi. Archives of Dermatological Research. 2022 Jan;314(1):37-40. doi: 10.1007/s00403-021-02208-z. Epub 2021 Feb 25. PMID: 33630147; PMCID: PMC7905757.

    This survey-based study of primary care physicians utilizing teledermatology consultations at the University of Mississippi Medical Center revealed that the time required to order a consultation was the primary barrier to more frequent utilization of this service.

  19. Pearlman, R.L, Badon, H., Whittington, A., Brodell, R.T., and Ward, K.H.M.  The iso-oncotopic response: immunotherapy-associated bullous pemphigoid in tumour footprints.  Clinical and Experimental Dermatology.  (2022) 47: 1358-1385.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ced.15177

    This article describes a patient displaying the concept of an immunocompromised district within the scars created by treatment of keratinocytic cancers   Classic bullous pemphigoid developed principally in these scars.

  20. Pearlman, R.L., Brodell, R.T., and Byrd, A.C. Enhancing Access to Rural Dermatological Care: The Time to Start Is Now. JAMA Dermatology. Published online May 25, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2022.1470

    The University of Mississippi Medical Center has been taking an “all of the above” approach to access to care problems in our rural state.  This editorial discusses the establishment of a rural academic dermatology office, a rural free clinic, and a rural residency slot as well as aggressive efforts to teach rural primary care physicians with Project ECHO and offering efficient teledermatology consultations to these physicians who care for many patients who are unwilling or unable to visit a distant medical center for dermatologic care.  The successes of these efforts are chronicled.

  21. Pearlman, R.L., Condie, D.L., Nahar, V.K., and Black, W.H. Adoption of Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Among Dermatologic Surgeons: A Survey Study of American College of Mohs Surgery Members. Dermatology Surgery. 2022 Mar 1;48(3):373-376. doi: 10.1097/DSS.0000000000003351. PMID: 35025847.

    This survey-based study demonstrated that less than half of surgical dermatologists, especially older physicians have received their HPV vaccination.  The importance of vaccination as an approach to prevent HPV and HPV induced malignancies in physicians is discussed.

  22. Pearlman, R.L., Wilkerson, A.H., Ferris, T.S., Griffin, D.B., Cobb, E.K., McCowan, H.K., Bhattacharya, K., Leo, J.T., Melton, S.C., and Nahar, V.K. Skin cancer knowledge, attitudes, and practices among non-medical skin care professionals: A narrative review of cross-sectional and interventional studies. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology. 2021 Aug;20(8):2437-2457. doi: 10.1111/jocd.14260. Epub 2021 Jun 10. PMID: 34047438.

    This survey-based study demonstrated that non-medical skin care professionals have the motivation and the ability to triage skin cancers to physicians.

  23. Penman, A., Borst, A., Hubbard, S., and Vearrier, D. Low-cost Options for Keeping Cool During Extreme Hot, Humid Weather. Journal of Mississippi State Medical Association. 2022;63(8):21-213.

    This review article describes recommendations for low-cost cooling options that may be useful for Mississippians during hot humid weather.

  24. Pitts, L.E., Wilkerson, A.H., Ferris, T.S., Harrigill, M., Brar, H.S., Sharma, M., and Nahar, V.K. (In Press). A Review of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Status in USA College-Aged Individuals Affecting Transition to and Adjustment in College. Journal of Health and Social Sciences.

    The aim of this paper was to review previous studies on IBD in college students in order to analyze the influence of their disease on their ability to adjust to college life and perform well academically.

  25. Preda-Naumescu, I., Paladi-Noel, I., Preda-Naumescu, A., Huynh, T.N., and Nahar, V.K. (In Press). Dermatopathologist Perceptions of Overdiagnosis, Physical activity among Long-Term Melanoma Survivors, and Lifestyle Modifications in Hidradenitis Suppurativa [Commentary].  Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association.

    Commentary on dermatopathologist perceptions of overdiagnosis, physical activity among long-term melanoma survivors, and lifestyle modifications in hidradenitis

  26. Preda-Naumescu, A., Penney, K., Pearlman, R.L., Brodell, R.T., Daniel, C.R., and Nahar, V.K. Nail Manifestations in COVID-19: Insight into a Systemic Viral Disease. Skin Appendage Disorders. 2021 Aug 17;183(6):1-6. doi: 10.1159/000518087. PMID: 34580633; PMCID: PMC8450840.

    This review focuses on nail conditions in patients with COVID-19.  Proper categorization of nail disease can assist in the diagnosis of COVID-19 and avoid needless worry about concomitant diseases.

  27. Sharma, M., Asare, M., Lakhan, R., Kanekar, A., Nahar, V.K., and Moonie, S. Can the Multi-Theory Model (MTM) of Health Behavior Change Explain the Intent for People to Practice Meditation? Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine. January 2021. doi:10.1177/2515690X211064582

    This study aimed to test if a fourth-generation multi-theory model (MTM) could explain the intent for starting and maintaining meditation behavior in a sample of US adults. Based on this study, it can be concluded that MTM offers a pragmatic framework to design, implement, and evaluate evidence-based (theory-based) meditation behavior change interventions.

  28. Shenoy, T., Nahar, V.K., Goodwin, M., Helms, S.E., Brodell, R.T., and Black, W.H. (In Press). Forestalling Lidomageddon: Local Solutions to the Nationwide Shortage of Lidocaine. Skin. 2022  6(5):  441-444.    Doi.org/10.25251/skin.6.5.17

    The nationwide shortage of lidocaine with epinephrine requires a number of possible approaches to maintaining stockpiles of this drug.  Compounding and alternative drugs (diphenhydramine) are discussed.

  29. Thomley, M.E., Roland, D.L., Noble, C.A., Sharma, M., Shipley, S.R., and Nahar, V.K. (2021). Skin Cancer in Skin of Color: The Importance of Expanding Education and Prevention Efforts to Include This Community. Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association, 13(2), 106-109.

    This article explores the importance of both public and provider education regarding the prevention and timely diagnosis of skin cancer in skin of color.

  30. Wilkerson, A.H., Davis, R.E., Sharma, M., Harmon, M.B., McCowan, H.K., Mockbee, C.S., Ford, M.A., and Nahar, V.K. Use of the multi-theory model (MTM) in explaining initiation and sustenance of indoor tanning cessation among college students. Archives of Dermatological Research. 2022 Mar 2. doi: 10.1007/s00403-022-02338-y. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35235004.

    The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to explore and explain the initiation and sustenance of indoor tanning cessation among college students using the multi-theory model (MTM) of health behavior change. Findings from this study demonstrate the utility of the MTM in explaining indoor tanning cessation and designing intervention strategies and clinical recommendations to encourage indoor tanning cessation among college students.

Presentations

  1. Vearrier, D.J. Toxicology Literature Review, American College of Emergency Physicians Scientific Assembly 2022, San Francisco, CA. October 2022.

    This conference presentation discussed some of the most important peer-reviewed toxicology publications from the past year.

  2. Vearrier, D.J. Heavy Metals, American College of Emergency Physicians Scientific, Assembly 2022, San Francisco, CA. October 2022.

    This conference presentation reviewed the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of heavy metal poisoning in the emergency department.