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Other Frequently Asked Questions


internal-medicine-residents--use.jpgHow many residents are in the program?
UMMC has 22-24 categorical positions for each year, 4 Med-Peds residents per year, 1-2 primary care track residents per year and 1-2 preliminary interns. An additional 3-4 neurology interns, 5 radiology interns and 2-3 ophthalmology interns spend much of their intern year with the department for a total of about 100 residents.

How available are attending physicians and specialists?
Every rotation has a designated attending physician available around-the-clock, either in the hospital or by pager. An attending rounds on every inpatient service every day. Residents feel very comfortable calling staff as needed. All the subspecialties of medicine have attending physicians (and fellows when applicable) on call around-the-clock.

Who precepts on wards?
Subspecialty ward services (Cardiology, Hematology, and Oncology) are covered by subspecialty board-certified attending physicians, and have a fellow assigned to the service. The general medicine ward services are covered by hospitalists (40%), general internists (40%), and selected subspecialists (20%).

Who does the teaching (residents, fellows, or faculty)?
At UMMC, we are proud to have some of the best educators in the southeast. Most of the didactic sessions in the core curriculum are led by faculty members. A great deal of the teaching of the program is done as patient care decisions are made and comes from other residents, fellows, and faculty, even students!

Do residents have advisors?
Each intern is assigned a coach, who is a faculty member not in the area of the intern's clinical interest, during the first half of his/her intern year. Meetings occur quarterly, but can occur more often if the resident and coach so desire.

Do residents have scholarship mentors?
Each resident has the opportunity to be paired with a scholarship mentor, who is not the same person as his or her advisor. The mentor is identified based on the expressed scholarly interest of the resident. An intern who is uncertain of his/her scholarly interest at the start of residency can utilize his or her advisor to aid in identifying a scholarly interest. Mentors are available in general medicine, in every subspecialty, and in quality improvement and patient safety.

Do residents meet individually with the program leadership?
All residents meet individually with the program director or an associate program director on a semi-annual basis for review of performance and milestone accomplishment and to address any of the resident's concerns with the program.

What have recent graduates of the program chosen as their career paths?
Most graduates in recent years are pursuing subspecialty training in a wide variety of fields. Some graduates are working as hospitalists, and a few are traditional general internists. View our residents' recent fellowship matches here. 



Are rotations available in every major subspecialty?
All residents are required to complete inpatient rotations in General Medicine, Cardiology, Critical Care, Geriatrics, Hematology, and Oncology, along with several rotations in the outpatient setting. Each resident also has a three-year assignment to an outpatient continuity-of-care clinic. Consult rotations are available (and strongly recommended) in Cardiology, Nephrology, Pulmonary, Endocrinology, Rheumatology, Allergy/Immunology, Gastroenterology, Infectious Diseases, Hematology, Oncology, and Sleep Medicine. Opportunities abound for rotations in the community setting, both in the Jackson metropolitan area and in more underserved areas of the state.

How is call structured?
On general medicine wards at the University Hospital, day call rotates among five teams and night call is covered by a night float team. At the VA Hospital, medicine ward services take team call every 4th night with R1 overnight shifts every 8 nights. Every month a day intern assists the post call team. Cardiology Wards overnight call is covered as a night shift by the team members assigned to the rotation. Hematology and Oncology ward services are also covered as a night shift by upper level team members with the exception of a few nights per month. In the University ICU, the VA ICU, and Emergency Medicine rotations are shift work.

What is the average patient volume?
On inpatient and consult services, R1s generally care for 5-8 patients at a time, upper level residents care for 10-14 patients. In clinic, R1s see 3-4 patients/half day (once weekly); R2s and R3s see 4-6 patients/half day (once weekly).

How much independence do the residents have?
Upper level residents have a good deal of autonomy. As team leaders, they perform initial assessment of patient problems, write admission orders, and make the day-to-day decisions regarding patient care. Attending physicians and fellows are available around-the-clock for advice as needed, but do not dictate patient care decisions. Although interns are supervised more closely by upper level residents and attendings, they are allowed to make decisions regarding patient care. The program philosophy is one of active learning, where patient well-being is never compromised for education, but trainees are allowed enough independence to learn how to appropriately care for patients.

Do residents have time to read?
Duty hour limitations allow time outside the hospital for rest and recreation, and many rotations have "down time" during the day for reading. More time becomes available as residents advance in the training program, and at the R3 level many rotations have limited weekend and night call duties as well as increasing time during the day for study.

What is the core curriculum?
The core curriculum is presented at noon conference several days per week and covers general medicine and specialty topics with an emphasis on board preparation. An online ambulatory curriculum is supplemented by didactic sessions.

What other teaching conferences are scheduled?
General medicine ward rotations have morning report Monday through Friday, and most subspecialty rotations include a didactic curriculum. In addition to the core curriculum, noon conference includes three departmental conferences: Tuesday Chairs' Conference (Medical Grand Rounds), Clinicopathologic Correlation Conference (an attending physician discusses the differential and probable diagnosis of an unknown case), and Continuous Quality Improvement Conference. Other noon presentations include Special Topics (including billing and coding, malpractice insurance, financial planning, political advocacy, and a curriculum on scholarly activity) and Journal Club (a resident-led literature review). These conferences have a 60% attendance requirement for all residents.

Do your residents pass the internal medicine board exam? 
We are proud to say that our ABIM board pass rate is excellent. 95% of our residents passed the board exam last year and with 93% passing over the past 3 years (the national average is 89%). We offer a board review course for all residents to help them prepare for this important exam.



Is this a university-based or a community-based program?
The program is university-based with UMMC as the primary training site. About 1/4 of each resident's time across the 36 months of training is spent at the adjacent VA Medical Center. UMMC is the the only Level 1 trauma hospital in the state. With a total of 722 beds, it is the largest diagnostic, treatment and referral care system in Mississippi. Inpatient stays total about 29,000 annually with more than 209,000 outpatient and emergency visits every year. UMMC encompasses 6 health science schools with more than 2,800 students and with over 9,100 employees, the medical center is the largest employer in Mississippi. The VA has about 60 medical beds and the MICU has been remodeled recently. 

What is the patient population (disease processes, socioeconomic background, variety)?
As the only academic medical center in a state with great disparities in health status, high disease and mortality rates and low socioeconomic status, UMMC serves a large and culturally diverse population. A large number of patients from the Jackson area use the University for primary care, and patients from around Mississippi are referred for procedures and for diagnostic or therapeutic dilemmas. About half the patients are government-insured (Medicare and/or Medicaid) with a fair number of uninsured and some privately insured patients. Many state and local officials are cared for at the University Hospital. The VA population is predominantly male, older, and with more "bread and butter" internal medicine diagnoses.

How much training in primary care vs. tertiary care?
A third of a resident's time over the three years of training is spent in the ambulatory setting, much of that in primary care. The other two-thirds are either consultative or inpatient rotations which are most often tertiary care.



How much vacation time annually?
All residents have three weeks of vacation time each year with an additional five days completely free of duty around Christmas or New Year's Day.

Is there provision for educational leave?
Attendance at regional or national meetings is encouraged and administrative leave is provided for meetings.

What is the maternity/sick leave policy?
Medical leave is available for use in accordance with hospital policy. The amount of paid leave available depends on the length of employment. Up to six weeks of maternity leave may be taken without extending training time.

Is affordable housing available near the hospital?
Yes, there are several neighborhoods within 10 minutes driving distance of the hospital with affordable housing.
Is parking free for residents? 
Yes, residents are provided covered parking at no charge. 

What is the salary? 
Information regarding salary and benefits can be found here.