• Current Obesity Research

     Recently published scientific articles and book chapters on obesity-related studies by UMMC faculty include:

    • Fat-mass and obesity gene and cognitive decline

    The study examines four genetic variants in the fat-mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) to determine whether a link exists to cognitive change in midlife. The research used data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Authors include Dr. Thomas Mosley, UMMC professor of geriatrics and gerontology. Neurology, January 2013. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23136261

    • Fatty liver, abdominal adipose tissue and atherosclerotic calcification in African-Americans

    The study seeks to determine whether abdominal adiposity and fatty liver in African-Americans are jointly or independently associated with calcification in the coronary artery or abdominal aorta. The research used data collected in the Jackson Heart Study. Authors include Dr. Herman Taylor, Dr. James Wilson, Dr. Jiankang Liu and Dr. Solomon Musani, all of whom are School of Medicine faculty members. Atherosclerosis, October 2012. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22902209

    • Chronic effects of adiponectin on appetite, metabolism and blood pressure regulation in normotensive and hypertensive rats

    Researchers gave injections of adiponectin, a hormone that regulates several metabolic processes including glucose regulation and fatty-acid oxidation, to groups of normal and hypertensive rats over eight weeks to see if it makes heart rates and blood pressures decline as it seems to in the short team. Their results suggest adiponectin has a little effect reducing appetite and insulin levels, but it has no long-term action to reduce blood pressure or heart rate or to alter whole body metabolic rate. Authors include Dr. Jussara doCarmo, Dr. Alex daSilva and Dr. John E. Hall, faculty members in the School of Medicine Department of Physiology & Biophysics. Peptides, September 2012. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22749987

    • Difference in views on obesity prevention between advocates and policy makers

    By examining obesity prevention policies in 10 states over a four-year span, researchers found differences exist between policy makers and advocates regarding the role and effectiveness of state policy on obesity prevention. The findings present an opportunity for researcers and practitioners to improve communication and translation of evidence to policy makers, particularly in states with low legislation. Authors include Dr. Ellen S. Jones, Dr. Jessican Bailey, faculty members in the School of Health Related Professions. Childhood Obesity, June 2012.  www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22799551

    • Sleep-disordered breathing symptoms among African-Americans

    Authors researched the prevalence, burden and correlates of sleep symptoms suggestive of sleep-disordered breathing and risk for obstructive sleep apnea in the 5,300 members of the Jackson Heart Study. They found risk and incidence increased with age and obesity, particularly among individuals with features of visceral obesity, stress and poor perceived health. Authors include UMMC faculty members Dr. Tibor Fulop, Dr. Demarc Hickson, Dr. Sharon Wyatt, and Dr. Herman Taylor. Sleep Medicine, September 2012. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22841028