Isolation Guidelines


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  • Smallpox

    Isolation requirements

    • Disease: Smallpox (variola)
    • Category: Airborne Infection Isolation, Contact Precautions
    • Duration of isolation: Duration of illness
    • Comments: Continue in isolation until all scabs have crusted and separated (3-4 weeks). Non-vaccinated health care providers should not provide care if immune health care providers are available. N95 or higher respiratory protection required for susceptible and successfully vaccinated individuals. Post-exposure vaccine within 4 days of exposure protective. Known or suspected cases of smallpox represent a bioterrorism event and are a public health emergency. Immediately contact the Mississippi Department of Health at (601) 576-7725 and Infection Control at 4-2188 for assistance in reporting and processing of specimens.

    Class 1

    This is a Class 1 reportable disease.

    • Class 1: Diseases of major or public health importance which shall be reported directly to the Department of Health by telephone within 24 hours of first knowledge or suspicion.

    Reporting hotline

    • 1-800-556-0003, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday-Friday
    • To report inside Jackson telephone area or for consultative services: (601) 576-7725, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday-Friday 
    • Class 1 conditions may be reported nights, weekends and holidays by calling (601) 576-7400.