Isolation Guidelines


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  • Pneumonia

    Isolation guidelines

    Infection/Condition Category Duration Comment

    Adenovirus

     

    Droplet/Contact

     

    Duration of illness

      

    Bacterial, not listed elsewhere

     

    Standard

        

    Burkholderia cepacia in patients with cystic fibrosis  

     

    Contact

       Click here for isolation guidelines for patients with cystic fibrosis.

    Burkholderia cepacia in patients without cystic fibrosis  

     

    Contact

       

    Click here for isolation guidelines for multiple-resistant gram-negative pathogens.  

    Chlamydia

     

    Standard

        

    Fungal

     

    Standard

        

    Haemophilus influenza, type B, Adults  

     

    Standard

        

     Haemophilus influenza, type B, infants and children

     

    Droplet

     

    Until 24 hours of therapy

      

    Legionella spp.

     

    Standard

        

    Multi-drug resistant bacteria

         

    Click here for MRSA. Click here for gram negatives

    Mycoplasma

     

    Droplet

     

    Duration of illness

      

    Pneumococcal

         

    Click here for information.

    Pneumocystis jirovecii (PCP)

     

    Standard 

       

    Do not place in same room with immunocompromised patient

    Staphylococcus aureus 

     

    Standard (unless MRSA)

       

    Click here for MRSA.

    Streptococcus, group A, adults

     

    Standard

        

    Streptococcus, group A, infants and children

     

    Droplet

     

    Until 24 hours of therapy

      

    Varicella-zoster

     

    Airborne infection isolation

     

    Duration of illness

     

    Contact precautions if skin lesions present. Click here for more information.

    Viral in adults

     

    Standard

        

    Viral, infants and children

         Click here for information.