Isolation Guidelines


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  • Gastroenteritis

    Isolation requirements

    • Disease: Gastroenteritis, including adenovirus, cholera 
    • Infective material: Feces
    • Duration of isolation: Until patient has formed stool

    See table of organisms below for the appropriate isolation category. For all organisms listed below, use Contact Precautions for diapered or incontinent persons.

    Organism Type Comments
    Adenovirus Standard  
    Campylobacter species Standard Class 3***
    Cholera Standard Class 1*
    C. difficle Contact Assess need to discontinue antibiotics; Avoid use of shared thermometers
    Cryptosporidium sp. Standard Class 3***
    E.coli Enteropathogenic O157:H7; other shiga-toxin producing strains  Standard Class 1*
    Other E. coli species  Standard  
    Giardia lamblia  Standard  
    Noroviruses Standard Persons cleaning areas heavily contaminated with feces or vomitus should wear masks
    Rotavirus Contact Prolonged shedding may occur in immunocompromised
    Salmonella species (including S. typhi) Standard Class 2**
    Shigella species Standard Class 2**
    Vibrio parahaemolyticus  Standard Class 1*
    Viral (not covered elsewhere) Standard  
    Yersinia enterocolitica  Standard  
    Other Standard  

    Class 1, 2 and 3

    This is a Class 1, 2, and 3 reportable disease.

    • *Class 1: Diseases of major or public health importance which shall be reported directly to the Department of Health by telephone within 24 hours of first knowledge or suspicion.
    • **Class 2: Diseases or conditions of public health importance of which individual cases shall be reported by mail, telephone or electronically within 1 week of diagnosis. In outbreaks or other unusual circumstances, they shall be reported the same as Class 1. Class 2 diseases and conditions are those for which an immediate public health response is not needed for individual cases.
    • ***Class 3: Laboratory based surveillance. Reported by laboratory only. Diseases or conditions of public health importance of which individual laboratory findings shall be reported by mail, telephone, or electronically within one week of completion of laboratory tests (refer to Section III and Appendix C of the Rules and Regulations Governing Reportable Diseases and Condition).

    Reporting hotline

    • 1-800-556-0003, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday-Friday
    • To report inside Jackson telephone area or for consultative services: (601) 576-7725, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday-Friday 
    • Class 1 conditions may be reported nights, weekends and holidays by calling (601) 576-7400.